Medical Terminology

Words will be added periodically
HealthSYmbol
Medical Terminlology:

A
Acute- of short duration and relatively severe.
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Atlas- the uppermost and most freely moveable bone of the spine.
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B
Biomechanics- the study of mechanical laws and their application to living organisms especially the human body and its movement.
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Bone Spur- an extra calcium deposit in response to injury, disease, or incorrect motion or position of a joint.
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C
Calcaneus- the heel bone; the largest of several bones that forms the ankle.
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Carotenoids- any of a group of red, yellow, or orange pigments that are found in foods, as carrots, sweet potatoes, and leafy green vegetables. They can also be found in some animal tissue. Many of these substances, such as carotene are needed to make vitamin A in the body.
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Cervical- the vertebrae of the neck, usually seven bones.
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Chronic- persisting for a long period of time.
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D
Disc- a cartilage (cushion/pad) that separates spinal vertebrae, absorbs shock of the spine, and helps protect the nervous system.
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Dysoxygenosis- too little oxygen.
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E
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F
Facet- the actual joint surface of a spinal bone, facing the adjacent bone above and below.
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Fibromyalgia- a chronic disorder characterized by widespread pain, tenderness, and stiffness of muscles and associated connective tissue structures that is typically accompanied by fatigue, headache, and sleep disturbances—called also fibromyalgia syndrome, fibromyositis.
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Fixation- an area of the spine or specific joint with stuck or restricted motion.
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G
Gait- the manner or style of walking including rhythm and speed.
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H
Health- a state of optimal physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity.
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Hyperbaric- of, relating to, producing, operating, or occurring at pressures higher than normal atmospheric pressure: a hyperbaric chamber.
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I
Ioning- an atom or group of atoms, with an electric charge.
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J
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K
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L
Lumbar- the vertebrae of the lower back, usually five bones.
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Lutein- (from Latin luteus meaning “yellow”) is one of over 600 known naturally occurring carotenoids. Found in green leafy vegetables such as spinach and kale, lutein is employed by organisms as an antioxidant and for blue light absorption. Lutein is present in the plant as fatty-acid ester, with one or two fatty acids bound to the two hydroxyl-groups.
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M
Malabsorption- abnormal absorption of nutrients from the digestive tract.
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Manipulation- skillful use of hands in therapy or diagnosis, as feeling with the hands, resetting a dislocation or some treatments in the physical therapy and bone therapy (Osteopathy).
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Mentation- the process of thinking, mental activity.
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Musculoskeletal- is an organ system that gives humans and animals the ability to move using the muscular and skeletal systems. The musculoskeletal system provides form, stability, and movement to the human and animal body.
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N
Nervous System- controls the function of cells, tissues, organs, and the system of your body. Also is the brain, spinal cord, and millions of nerves.
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Neuron (a.k.a. nerve cell)- is an excitable cell in the nervous system that processes and transmits information by electrochemical signaling. Neurons are the core components of the brain, the vertebrate spinal cord, the invertebrate ventral nerve cord, and the peripheral nerves.
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Neuroplasticity- The brain’s ability to reorganize itself by forming new neural connections throughout life. Neuroplasticity allows the neurons (nerve cells) in the brain to compensate for injury and disease and to adjust their activities in response to new situations or to changes in their environment.
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O
Ophthalmologist- an eye specialist for medical and surgical problems.
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Opthamology- a branch of medicine which deals with the diseases and surgery of the visual pathways, including the eye, hairs, and areas surrounding the eye, such as the lacrimal system and eyelids.
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Osteopathy- bone therapy.
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Oxidation- the state or result of being oxidized.
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Oxidosis- too much oxidation.
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P
Palpation- examining the spine with your fingers, the art of feeling with the hand.
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PH Balance- a scale showing the levels of acid or alkaline in a solution. A value of 7.0 is neutral. Below 7.0 is acid. Above 7.0 is alkaline.
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Physiotherapy- also referred to as physical therapy, involves evaluating, diagnosing, and treating a range of diseases, disorders, and disabilities using physical means. Practiced by physiotherapists or physical therapists, physiotherapy is considered within the realm of conventional medicine. Though physiotherapy is typically practiced by physical therapists, certain tasks may be delegated to trained assistants or other types of health professionals.
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Pronation- a lying-flat position, in which body faces downward -or- turning of the forearms so that the palms of the hand faces downward and backward.
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Q
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R
Range of Motion- the range, measured in degrees of a circle, through which a joint may be moved.
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S
Sacrum- the triangular bone at the base of the spine. Usually referred to as the “tailbone.”
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Sciatica- pain, numbness, weakness or burning that starts in the lower back and can radiate down one or both of the legs.
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Spinalator- massage table.
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Spinal cord- is a long, thin, tubular bundle of nervous tissue and support cells that extends from the brain. The brain and spinal cord together make up the central nervous system. It is around 45 cm long in men and around 43 cm long in women. The length of the spinal cord is much shorter than the length of the bony spinal column. In fact, the spinal cord extends down to only the last of the thoracic vertebrae.
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Spinal Decompression- is a term that describes the relief of pressure on one or many pinched nerves (neural impingement) of the spinal column. It can be achieved both surgically and non-surgically and is used to treat conditions that result in chronic back pain such.
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Spinous Process- a posterior protruding part of the spinal bone that can be seen or felt when examining the spine.
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Subtalar joint- for humans, it is a joint of the foot. It occurs at the meeting point of the talus and the calcaneus.
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T
Thoracic- pertaining to the part of the spinal column from the base of the neck to about six inches above the waist line.
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Transverse Process- lateral protrusions (wings) of bone from the vertebrae to which powerful muscles and ligaments attach.
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V
Vertebra- any of the individual bones of the spinal column.
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W
Whiplash- an injury to the spine caused by an abrupt jerking motion, either backward, forward or sideways.
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X
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Y
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Z
Zeaxanthis- is one of the two carotenoids contained within the retina of the eye. Within the central macula, zeaxanthin is the dominant component, whereas in the peripheral retina, lutein predominates.
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Information is from:

Online:
http://www.merriam-webster.com/medical; http://en.wikipedia.org; www.wisegeek.com;
www.wordreference.com/definition; http://en.wikipedia.org; www.wisegeek.com;
http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary; www.answers.com/topic

Hardcover Book:
Webster’ Medical Dictionary copyright 1977;
The Signet Mosby Medical Encyclopedia (revised edition) copyright 1996

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